Since August 2017 the influx of over 908,000 Rohingya to Bangladesh has created the fastest-growing refugee crisis in the world (ISCG situation report; 13 December 2018). The majority of these Rohingya refugees are living in unsafe and unhygienic conditions.
They are facing hunger, malnutrition, infectious disease, and other medical ailments, and desperately need access to healthcare and other lifesaving support. The total population in need of health services has been calculated for the 2018 Joint Response Plan (JRP) as 1.3 million people (JRP, 2018). The sheer magnitude of refugee numbers has put massive pressure on all health services, and the cramped living conditions present significant public health risks.